As solicitor general in the second Reagan administration, I led the charge in the Supreme Court against government-imposed racial preferences. I did it with conviction and enthusiasm. And in those years and the years since, the Court has indeed been moving in the direction we were urging. First the Court decreed that all state-imposed racial preferences, whether "benign" or not, must meet the hard-to-satisfy test of strict constitutional scrutiny. Later, it extended that ruling to racial preferences imposed not just by the states but by the federal government, and applied that same strict standard to strike down electoral districts designed primarily along racial grounds.