In 1964, Israel hijacked the waters of the River Jordan. The Jordan Valley, a green desert strip that had been cultivated for longer than perhaps anywhere else on Earth, was overnight deprived of most of its water. One day the River Jordan poured out of Golan Heights, into the Sea of Galilee and on down the valley to the Dead Sea. The next day, an Israeli dam blocked the river's outflow from the Sea of Galilee. Instead, a pumping station lifted the water out of the sea and into a 10-foot-wide pipeline that delivered it along the length of Israel.