Justice Sandra Day O'Connor, speaking for a majority of the U.S. Supreme Court in the University of Michigan affirmative-action case, declared, "We expect that 25 years from now, the use of racial preferences will no longer be necessary ... ."
The Clinton administration holds as a core belief that long-term economic prosperity requires an educated work force, which in turn requires investment in children, especially those on the margin. That logic puts a premium on assembling information about "what work" in an area where so many believe that nothing works. In the last decade, extensive evidence has shown that the cycle of disadvantage can be broken through systematic societal action. The evidence come from diverse domains, including: