The debate among the Republican candidates over Mitt Romney’s time at Bain Capital has raised again questions about whether Romney’s tenure in the “1 percent” will damage his campaign. The Obama team certainly welcomes this debate. After all, they have been attacking Romney along precisely these lines:
The day after Mr. Romney squeezed out a razor-thin victory in the Iowa caucuses, Mr. Obama’s political brain-trust trained most of its fire on him, painting him as both a Wall Street 1 percent type and an unprincipled flip-flopper.
Some new survey data that Lynn Vavreck and I have gathered in collaboration with YouGov suggests that Romney is vulnerable to this line of questioning. In a survey conducted nationwide from January 7-10—right about the time that the Republican attacks on Romney’s “vulture capitalism” were crescendoing as the New Hampshire primary approached—we asked respondents:
How well do you think each the following describes Barack Obama/Mitt Romney: very well, somewhat well, not very well, or not well at all?
- Personally wealthy
- Cares about people like me
- Cares about the poor
- Cares about the middle class
- Cares about the rich
(The order of the candidates and the order of the descriptions were randomized for each respondent.)
Consider first the responses to “personally wealthy.”
Both candidates are obviously wealthy, and the public tends to see them as such. Few people say that “personally wealthy” describes Obama or Romney "not very well" or "not well at all." That said, the public thinks this description applies much more to Romney than Obama. Almost three-fourths (72 percent) say that “personally wealthy” describes Romney “very well.” Only 45 percent say that about Obama.
But perhaps personal wealth doesn’t imply anything about who the candidates “care about.” Unfortunately for Romney, this proves not to be the case:
The graph reports the percent saying “somewhat well” or “very well.” Here, Obama has an advantage on three of these items: “people like me,” the poor, and the middle class. By contrast, Romney is perceived by more respondents as sympathetic to the wealthy than to any other group: the vast majority (89 percent) say that “cares about the wealthy” describes him at least somewhat well (in fact, 50 percent say it describes him “very well”). But only 55 percent express similar sentiments about Obama.
Given that political independents are a particular target in presidential campaigns, do their opinions mirror the public’s? In general, yes, although the contrast between the candidates is not as stark. Consider “personally wealthy”: 68 percent of independents think this describes Romney very well; 53 percent feel similarly about Obama. Similarly, 84 percent of independents think that “cares about the wealthy” describes Romney somewhat or very well; 64 percent say this of Obama. One silver lining for Romney is that the gap for “cares about the middle class” is small: 41 percent think this describes Romney somewhat or very well; 44 percent say this of Obama.
But the data get worse for Romney in another sense: how these indicators are correlated with each other. The better one thinks “personally wealthy” describes Romney, the better one thinks that “cares about the wealthy” describes him (the correlation is 0.60). But the same correlation for Obama is much smaller (0.18). People’s perception that Obama is personally wealth does not translate as strongly into the perception that he cares about the wealthy.
Moreover, people who perceive that Obama cares about the wealthy are actually a bit more likely to perceive that he cares about “people like me,” the poor, and the middle class. The correlations are not always large, but they are positive—e.g., the correlation between believing Obama cares about the wealthy and cares about “people like me” is 0.19.
By contrast, people who perceive that Romney cares about the wealthy are less likely to think that he cares about “people like me,” the poor, or the middle class. For example, the correlation between believing Romney cares about the wealthy and cares about “people like me” is -0.14 vs. the aforementioned +0.19 for Obama. (All of the correlations I am reporting are statistically significant, by the way.)
So here is the problem that Romney confronts. Americans perceive him as personally wealthy more than they do Obama. They perceive him as caring more about the wealthy, but less about “people like me” and the middle class, than does Obama. Moreover, Obama can “get away with” being perceived as personally wealthy or caring about the wealthy in ways that Romney cannot. For Americans, Romney’s personal wealth is more intimately tied to the perception that he cares about the wealthy—and this in turn implies that he cares less for the middle class.