Andrew Stark

Recent Articles

Arresting Developments

In a variety of ways, police now serve private organizations, not just mixing missions but putting the coercive power of the state in unaccountable hands.

F or six hours every month, Lieutenant Rick Lewis of the Jacksonville sheriff's department moonlights at the Jacksonville Golf and Country Club, a lush 18-hole course located in the heart of the city's wealthiest gated community. As a moonlighter, Lewis does exactly the sort of things he does as a cop. For five dollars an hour, he dons his police uniform, gets in his cruiser, and patrols the clubhouse and grounds. Five dollars an hour might seem a little low for Lewis's services, and, in fact, it barely covers the rental fee the sheriff charges him for use of the car and uniform. But the money isn't his real remuneration. His "principal form of payment," as Lewis puts it, takes the form of free golf privileges at one of Florida's finest and most exclusive golf courses—something that would otherwise be available only to those who have spent several hundred thousand dollars for a home within the community's gates. Sergeant Norm Brewer, who has participated in a similar deal with...