Caroline Fredrickson

Caroline Fredrickson is president of the American Constitution Society for Law and Policy and the author of Under The Bus: How Working Women Are Being Run Over.

Recent Articles

Getting Serious About Power

Can we learn something about the right’s strategic coherence without emulating either their ideas or their contempt for democracy?

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AP Images Lewis Franklin Powell Jr., conservative mastermind and Supreme Court justice, in 1972. It was 1971 and Lewis Powell, a corporate lawyer in Richmond, Virginia, who had been president of the American Bar Association and a member of the board of the giant tobacco company Philip Morris, had come to believe that American capitalism was facing a dire threat. Americans were angry about corporate abuse and corporate pollution; President Richard M. Nixon had responded by signing the National Environmental Policy Act and creating the Environmental Protection Agency through executive order. Across the country, activists marched for Earth Day, and Congress passed the first air pollution standards. Ralph Nader and other consumer advocates had successfully fought for safer cars and other products. Powell believed that corporate America needed a decisive response to this perceived threat to the free-enterprise system. In a lengthy memo, the soon-to-be Supreme Court justice laid out his...