Mark Paul, William Darity Jr., & Darrick Hamilton

Mark Paul is a postdoctoral associate at the Samuel DuBois Cook Center on Social Equity at Duke University and a visiting fellow at the Roosevelt Institute.

William Darity, Jr. is the Samuel DuBois Cooke Professor of Public Policy, and professor of African and African American Studies and economics at Duke University.

Darrick Hamilton is professor of economics and urban policy at the Milano School of International Affairs and professor of management and urban polic at the New School for Social Research. 

Recent Articles

An Economic Bill of Rights for the 21st Century

In 1944, Franklin Roosevelt proposed constitutional amendments to guarantee Americans’ fundamental economic rights. It was never adopted—and today, is more necessary than ever. Here’s an adaptation of his program for our time.

Melanie Stetson Freeman/The Christian Science Monitor
Economic mobility has drastically declined since the 1940s. Unemployment and underemployment are persistent problems, especially for stigmatized groups who are subject to discriminatory exclusion from employment opportunities. In today’s economy, the American dream is just a dream, or worse, a rhetorical device that draws attention away from the economic reality playing out across the country. Despite long-term growth in the nation’s Gross Domestic Product, in real terms middle-income Americans have less than they did 40 years ago . Poverty, especially amongst the most vulnerable in our society—our children—persists at unjust levels. Despite President Lyndon B. Johnson’s War on Poverty, declared more than 50 years ago, 43.1 million Americans remain in poverty , nearly 20 million of whom live in deep poverty . There’s no question that past policies intended to reduce poverty and inequality have fallen tragically short . It’s time to think big...

The Full Employment Solution

Truly fixing the American economy requires full employment, as Franklin Roosevelt proposed 74 years ago. And that can't be done through the private sector alone. 

(AP Photo/Elise Amendola)
Senator Bernie Sanders is reportedly introducing legislation this week that establishes a program of governmentally provided full employment. Earlier this month, Senator Kirsten Gillibrand tweeted her support for the idea. Senator Cory Booker has a proposal to establish full employment pilot programs in 15 urban and rural areas. With full employment returning to the Democrats' agendas, we are reposting this article, which both sketches the history of the full employment movement and makes the case for reviving it, from our Winter 2018 issue. Two years into U.S. involvement in World War II, President Franklin Roosevelt delivered his 1944 State of the Union address, calling for a Second Bill of Rights—by which he meant not just political rights, but economic rights. The wartime economy was firing on all cylinders, bringing the unemployment rate to historic lows, averaging just 1.7 percent from 1943 to 1945. But Roosevelt and his advisers were concerned about maintaining these...